1. Parenting
You can opt-out at any time. Please refer to our privacy policy for contact information.

Teach Your Child to Pump a Swing

Mastering this important gross motor skill


Mixed race girl swinging
Blend Images - Inti St Clair/Brand X Pictures/Getty Images
Hitting the playground with your preschooler? It's a great way for your little one to have fun, sure, but with every jump, slide and seesaw they are exercising and working on important gross motor skills. In particular, the swings are a great way for a child to practice their coordination as well as hone the large muscles in their arms and legs -- not by being pushed of course, but by learning how to pump themselves.

Pumping on a swing may seem simple enough, but it's actually a pretty complicated maneuver. a few things need to happen before a child can learn to do it. First, make sure your child is OK on a big-kid swing, rather than riding high in a bucket-type one. She'll need to have some balance and promise to always hold on tight to the ropes or chains while sitting in the seat. It will take a few sessions of playground playing (too bad!) before she might feel comfortable with this new sensation. There really isn't much support on a typical playground swing, so don't rush your child. Give her a chance to get used to it.

Techniques To Teach Your Child to Pump a Swing
Once you think she's ready, explain how she's going to be in charge of making the swing go, instead of your pushes. Let her watch your swing. As you go, give some play-by-play of what your are doing. "Legs back, legs out." When it's her time, walk her through it. Explain how she needs to bend her legs while she's headed backward and to straighten them when she's moving forward. Be patient. Chances are she's not going to master it right away, and may even ask to have you push her again. That's OK, have her keep practicing and in the meantime, try some of these tips.

  • Try to find a low-hanging swing so it's easy for your child to get on and off alone.
  • If you feel comfortable, bring your child into your lap while you pump your legs and swing so she can get a feel of how the motion is supposed to go.
  • Stand in front of the swing and hold out your hands. Have your child attempt to touch your hands with her feet as she swings.
  • Teach her to "kick the sky" as she moves forward and hide her legs as she moves back.
  • Part of learning how to pump as swing is to remember when to do which motion. By simply saying each movement as she is supposed to do it (even just "forward" and "back"), the message will begin to register.

Safety Tip: Remind your child that when they are walking near a swing set or playground, they need to be very aware of other people swinging on swings or they could get hurt. Teach him not to walk directly in front of or behind someone swinging. More Playground Safety Tips.

©2014 About.com. All rights reserved.