We want to believe that all little kids are complete angels, incapable of inflecting harm on each other, but the unhappy reality is, they are. While it's unlikely that you'll find a 3-year-old stuffing his classmate into a cubby, sadly, preschool bullies are very real and have lots of methods of inflicting emotional and physical harm on their pint-sized classmates.
Teasing, taunting, exclusion and even hitting, kicking and other forms of bodily injury, while seemingly unlikely in a preschool classroom filled with young children, can certainly exist. And if your little one is the victim of a preschool bully, it's hard to stay calm an focused while offering your child support. But you need to. Here's how.
Know the Signs
While some children will come right out and say that someone is teasing or hurting them, others may say nothing at all, especially if it is a chronic problem. Possible signs that your child is being bullied include not wanting to go to school after always loving it, complaining of feeling sick or having a stomach ache before going to school, not answering questions about how school was or a sudden change in her demeanor -- maybe she's sad or even angry. She may even give you some clues -- telling you that a certain child bothers her or that she doesn't like someone in the class.
Talk About it To Other Adults
If you think your child is being bullied, first you need to talk to the classroom teacher or daycare provider. Find out if she is aware of the situation. If she isn't (which isn't uncommon, many bullies do their best work in secret), express your concerns and talk to her about what you think has been happening. See what kind of insight and advice she offers. Simply alerting to her what has been going on may take care of the issue as she will be giving the situation more attention. If after talking to the teacher you feel that nothing has been resolved, keep at it, talking to the school's or day care's administrator.
Offer Your Child Your Support...
Step number one in helping your child deal with a bully? Give her a hug and assure her that you are there to help. Letting your child know that this isn't something she has to handle all by herself will do wonders for her demeanor and esteem.
...While Teaching Her How to Handle It
While the preschool teacher is going to be your child's strongest ally in the classroom, the reality is that your little one isn't going to be bullied while grownups are around, so you need to help her work out what to do right then and there if another child bothers her. If it isn't too upsetting to your child, you could even role play different scenarios, coaching her through what to do every time.
Some suggestions include:
- Ignoring it If your child is being verbally teased, sometimes the best course of action is no action at all and to simply walk away. Most bullies bully because they are looking for attention. However, if the bully is hitting or otherwise physically hurting your child, instruct her to tell the teacher immediately.
- Be brave When the bully starts to pick on your child, advise her to stand up for herself (but not fight back). A loud "Leave me alone!" can do wonders.
- Tell the teacher If your child is uncomfortable, then by all means, have her tell the teacher. Some children are worried they will be labeled a tattletale, but assure her that this is an instance where they need to enlist the help of a grown up.
Ultimately, if the situation is bad enough and you feel that not enough is being done you may decide that you need to switch schools or classrooms. Hopefully it won't come to that. But as parents, we are our children's best advocates. The answer is doing what is best for child.